20 years since Internet came to Estonia
“Our first Internet connections with the outside world became reality owing to the cooperation between the Institute of Chemical and Biological Physics, the Swedish Royal Institute of Technology and the Swedish National Space Board. One month later we established a satellite connection between Stockholm and the Tähetorn Observatory in Tartu because at that time there was no Internet connection between Tallinn and Tartu. The project was financed by the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences and philanthropist George Soros who understood the utmost importance of such connections in the context of building an open and democratic state. Those satellite communications allowed us to establish data exchange connections with the outside world without any interference from the Soviet Union and its legal successors, which was at that time of course a vital factor in the restoration of Estonia’s independence,” added Lippmaa.
Those first connections stimulated rapid proliferation of the Internet in Estonia. First .ee domain names began appearing after registration of the .ee top-level domain in June 1992. The first locally based .ee domain name server was launched on 15 July 1992.
In 2009 administration of the .ee top-level domain and the corresponding infrastructure was entrusted to the new Estonian Internet Foundation, a self-financing organisation founded by the Government of the Republic and the Estonian Association of Information Technology and Telecommunications solely for this task.
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