I I would like to register an .ee domain. What do I have to do?
.ee is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) reserved for Estonia and aimed at sharing information with Estonians. Search engines use a user’s location as a search parameter - for example, when a search engine sees a .ee website, it assumes the content is more relevant to Estonia than other countries, and ranks the site accordingly.
No other top-level domain targets Estonians better than the .ee domain. Click here to watch a video explaining why you should register a .ee domain.
Use the WHOIS search function to see whether the domain name you want to use is available. You can do this on the Estonian Internet Foundation website at www.internet.ee. Choose a registrar accredited by the Estonian Internet Foundation and submit an application to register the domain through them. The list of registrars is available online from here
WHOIS, or domain lookup, is a service that provides basic information about a registered domain, such as the domain owner’s name and contact information, the company with which the domain is registered (also called the Registrar), the registration and expiry dates of the domain name, and the domain’s availability status and DNSSEC signature.
A registrar is a company or agency authorised and accredited by the Estonian Internet Foundation which offers registration services to people looking to register domains. Most registrars are providers of Internet and server hosting services. Once you choose your registrar, they provide you all registration services, including domain renewal and data amendment. The list of authorised registrars is available online from here
A registrant is someone in whose name a domain is registered. A registrant can be an individual or a legal entity.
The registry is the record of all local domains. In Estonia the registry is the Estonian Internet Foundation.
The information you need to submit in order to register a domain name is set out in point 4.1.1 of the domain regulations. This states that you must submit to the registrar the following:
a) the domain name you are applying for;
b) the contact details of your administrative contact, their personal
identification code and the name of the country that issued it (or in the
absence of the personal identification code – the date of birth and the name of
the country of nationality), telephone number and e-mail
c) the contact details of your technical contact, including the name of the technical contact, their registry code
or personal identification code and the name of the country which registered or
issued it (or in the absence of the personal identification code – the date of
birth and the name of the country of nationality), telephone
number and e-mail address, in the
case of a Registrant that is a legal person, their name, address of location,
registry code, telephone number and e-mail address;
d) in the case of a legal entity, contact details including its name, address, registry code, the name of the country
which registered it, telephone number and e-mail address;
e) in the case of a natural person, contact details including their name(s) and surname, personal identification code and the name of
the country which issued it (or in the absence of the personal identification
code – the date of birth and the name of the country of nationality), telephone number and e-mail address.
Please note: follow the instructions given by the registrar when submitting the application to register your domain name.
Please note: if the domain is being registered by a representative of the registrant (i.e. their administrative contact person), they must be authorised to do so in writing or have this right on the basis of Estonian law (e.g. as a member of a management board).
Yes, you can. The Domain Regulation does not require that registrants submit two name servers for their domain. However, if the registrant wishes to actually use the domain (create a website, use the domain as an email address, etc.), they have to provide two name servers for the domain.
.ee domains can be registered for 3, 6, 9 months and 1-10 years. The registry fee in 2020 is €1,6, €3,2, €4,8 and €6 per year, depending on the length of the registration period.
The registry fee is the fee that registrars pay to the Estonian Internet Foundation for registering or renewing a domain. The price for the end-user, i.e. the registrant, is determined by the registrars on a free market. VAT will be added to the fee.
An administrative contact (natural person) is a legal representative of the registrant and is authorised to arrange all registration services in the name of the registrant. The administrative contact must be authorised in writing to act on behalf of the registrant in all matters related to the domain. If the registrant is a legal entity, the administrative contact is the person who orders the registration services from the registrar. If the registrant is an natural person, they normally also act as the administrative contact. The administrative contact does not have the right to delegate the authorisation. The administrative contact is
responsible for the correctness and genuineness of the data and documents
submitted about him/her and the registrant.
The technical contact person has the right to amend name server data for domains with which they are associated. If the registrant is using the services of a web hosting provider, we recommend that they appoint a representative of the provider as the technical contact person for their domains. At the same time, if the registrant manages their own servers, they can appoint themselves as the technical contact person.
Yes. Point 4.1.2 of the domain regulations states that domain registration is one of the four registration services that requires the registrant or their administrative contact to sign their application. The regulations provide five ways of signing applications. They are:
a) digital signing using an Estonian ID card or the Mobile ID;
b) signing in handwriting in the presence of a representative of the registrar (i.e. at the registrar’s office or a customer service location);
c) digital signing using an ID card of a foreign state accepted by EIF (complete list of accepted foreign digital IDs can be found here
d) paying the registrar for the registration service from the bank account of the registrant or their administrative contact, noting on the payment order the reference number
assigned to this application by the Registrar and the corresponding domain name
or the number of the invoice issued by the registrar that includes the relevant domain name; or
e) paying the registrar for the registration service by separate transfer from the PayPal account
registered in the name of the registrant or the administrative contact and verified by PayPal and specify in the details of
payment the relevant domain name or the number of the invoice issued by the registrar showing the relevant domain name. The Registrar has the right to
request from the registrant additional proof regarding the verification of the
Yes. The domain regulations set out a number of restrictions on the format of domain names:
a) they can only contain letters, numbers (0-9) and hyphens (-);
b) the minimum length of a domain name is 2 symbols and the maximum length is 63 symbols;
c) no distinction is made in domain names between upper and lower case letters; and
d) a domain name cannot begin or end with a hyphen and cannot contain hyphens as both the third and fourth symbols.
According to the domain regulations, there are seven types of registration services, all of which can be provided by or arranged through registrars. They are:
a) registration of domain names;
b) deletion of registrations;
c) renewal of registrations;
d) transferring of domain names;
e) updating of contact details;
f) management of name server records;
g) changing registrars.
You must choose an accredited registrar for registration services of .ee domain names. The foundation has no requirements in terms of other services (including mail servers and web hosting), which you are free to choose.
Yes, it is. Due to the liberalisation of the requirements, both companies and individuals can now register an unlimited number of domains in their own names.
Registration of a .ee domain name uses a two-tier system in which EIS has delegated the provision of the registration service to registrars. A registrar is a domain name registration service provider that is formally accredited by EIS and has signed a registry agreement. Registrars provide .ee domain name registration services: domain name registration, renewal, amendment, deletion, etc. Unlike other service providers operating in the market, accredited registrars are subject to supervision by EIS.
Yes, companies and private persons not registered in Estonia can register a .ee domain name. Rule 4.1.1 c of the Domain Regulations requires the registrant to submit the following data of the administrative contact for the domain to be registered: name, their personal
identification code and the name of the country that issued it (or in the
absence of the personal identification code – the date of birth and the name of
the country of nationality), telephone number and e-mail
There is no local presence requirement to register a .ee domain name. No local ID or address is needed. Companies and private persons not registered in Estonia can register a .ee domain name. Rule 4.1.1 c of the Domain Regulations requires the registrant to submit the following data of the administrative contact for the domain to be registered: name, their personal identification code and the name of the country that issued it (or in the absence of the personal identification code – the date of birth and the name of the country of nationality), telephone number and e-mail address.
The cost of annual registration of a domain is determined by the registrar. The registry sets a uniform base fee for all registrars (€1,6, €3,2, €4,8 and €6 per year in 2018, depending on the length of the registration period). The final cost is influenced by competition on the market, which is why it may end up being lower than the base fee, or the same as it, or higher.
The cost of registering domain names containing letters with diacritics (õ, ä, ö, ü, š, ž) is the same as per ordinary domain names. The registry sets a uniform base fee for all registrars ( €1,6, €3,2, €4,8 and €6 per year in 2018, depending on the length of the registration period). The cost of annual registration of a domain is determined by the registrar. The registry sets a uniform base fee for all registrars. The final cost is influenced by competition on the market, which is why it may end up being lower than the base fee, or the same as it, or even higher.
As many e-mail programmes today still lack support for domain names containing letters with diacritical marks, it is not yet recommended to use such e-mail addresses. You can instead reproduce the domain with diacritics using the punycode solution (for instance, the punycode for info@täpitähtedegadomeen.ee is firstname.lastname@example.org), but in this case the domain name spelling becomes more complicated.
General domains are used to group and distinguish the domain names of individuals and institutions with similar traits. They are:
a) com.ee – companies (incorporated entities) as defined in the Commercial Code;
b) pri.ee – individuals;
c) fie.ee – self-employed people (sole proprietors) as defined in the Commercial Code; and
d) med.ee – medical/health care institutions.
Yes. The registration of all domain names under general domains is subject to a fee as per the registration of domains under the top-level .ee domain. The cost of registering general domain names is the same as when you register ordinary .ee domain names.
According to the Domain Regulations, a subdomain is a marking to the left of the top level domain .ee, separated by a period. An unlimited number of subdomains can be registered under a top level domain. For example, the FAQ of the Estonian Internet Foundation could be located at http://faq.internet.ee. Subdomains are administered by the owner of the domain in question. The owner of the domain can use subdomains for purposes such as specific subject subpages. The domain owner can also offer the opportunity to register a subdomain under their domain for a fee or free of charge. Further information can be found here.
Yes, subdomains can be registered free of charge by private persons and educational, scientific or cultural institutions. Private persons can register free subdomains under the domains era.ee and eesti.ee. Educational, scientific and cultural institutions can register domains for free through the domains edu.ee, lib.ee, org.ee and vil.ee that belong to EENet (the Estonian Education and Research Network).
III .ee domain auctions
All preferential registration rights of domains that are to be deleted (for example domains that have not been renewed) will go to the domain auction in the .ee auction portal. In the auction portal, everyone can bid for the desired domain.
A blind auction means that bidding is not public. Bidders do not see others' bids or if there has been other bids. Only the starting price and the time remaining until the end of the auction are visible.
Everybody can participate in the auction. In order to bid for the desired domain name, a user account must be created in the auction portal. The user account can be created using Estonian ID / Mobiil-ID, bank link or by EU member states approved eID. You can also create a user account using an email address, a mobile number, and a password.
Preferential registration right of a domain name means that not the domain goes to the auction, but only the right of registering it. For the auction winner, this means the right to register the respective domain name. The auction winner may also pass the right to the domain registration to someone else and do not have to register the domain name on his own name.
The starting price of the domain preferential registration right auction is 5 euros, plus VAT. Only the auction winner is obligated to pay, other bidders are not obligated to pay for the bids they have made during the auction.
The winner of the auction must pay the winning bid. After payment, the winner will receive a code to register the domain name with a chosen .ee accredited registrar. The code is valid for 14 days. The price of the domain registration will be added to the transaction according to the registrar's price list.
If the auction winner does not register the domain name within 14 days, the domain returns to the auction. After 14 days, the auction winner loses the priority of domain registration. That is why we recommend that the winner of the auction immediately contacts a .ee accredited registrar after making the payment and receiving the code for registering the domain name. It may take some time to register the domain because it may not be an automated service.
All domains that do not receive any offers will be released for public registration in the "first-come, first-served" basis.
In case of multiple equal bids the earlier submission will be considered as the winning bid (section 3.7 of the Auction Portal User Agreement
V Domain Disputes Committee
Situations can arise in registering domains in which individuals who are not acting in good faith attempt to register names. This is known as ‘domain name hijacking’. In order to prevent this unlawful activity, a domain disputes committee (hereafter referred to as the DDC) has been founded as part of the Estonian Internet Foundation. The DDC is neither a court nor a tribunal, but a specialised independent body operating as part of the foundation that is charged with the task of resolving disputes related to .ee domain names. Its activities are regulated by the rules of the DDC
If you feel that someone has registered a domain name without your consent, that is similar to your brand or trademark or to your name or the registered name of your company, you can lodge a complaint with the committee.
Draw up your complaint in accordance with point 5 of the DDC rules. You should provide evidence supporting your claims and also pay the committee fee. Your complaint must be signed digitally. Submit your complaint by e-mail to email@example.com
. A detailed description and the requirements of proceedings to resolve disputes are set out in the rules of the DDC.
DDC fees are used solely for the organisation of the work of the committee, covering the working fees of the people involved (2/3) and the work of the secretariat (1/3). The fees can be viewed online here
If the committee feels that a complaint is valid, the domain name violating your rights is either deleted or transferred to you, depending on which of the two decisions you seek from the DDC in the course of the dispute proceedings.
If parties to a dispute reach an agreement concerning a domain name or the applicant withdraws their application, 50 per cent of the DDC fee will be reimbursed to the applicant.
If you encounter any problems with a domain (or service), please contact your registrar.
If you experience any problems with web hosting (or the server on which your website and/or e-mails are located), please contact your web hosting service provider.
You can find out who your registrar or web hosting service provider is by doing a WHOIS search on the website of the Estonian Internet Foundation. Web hosting service providers are not directly indicated in WHOIS, although you can normally determine the provider by looking at the names of the domain name servers.
If the owners wish to keep the domain name, a transfer of the domain name has to be carried out before the company is deleted from the Business Registry. In the course of the transfer, the receiver of the domain has to submit an application to the transferring registrant’s registrar, informing the registrar of the wish to register the domain under his/her name. The application must contain all the usual data required for a domain registration as well as the transferring registrant's signed consent to forfeit the domain in favour of the receiving registrant. When the domain name is transferred, the transferring registrant is substituted by the receiving (new) registrant.
If the owners do not wish to keep the domain name, a signed application for deleting the domain should be submitted to the registrar. After the registrar has forwarded the application to the registry, a 30-day domain delete procedure will start, followed by a quarantine period that will last for up to 24 hours; subsequently, the domain will be deleted from the registry.
Yes, the Domain Regulation provides for the possibility to inherit a domain name. In this case, the successor should submit a notarised document to the registrar confirming their rights as a successor. A will, marriage certificate, etc. will not be regarded as proof of the right of succession. Where EIS becomes aware that more than six months have elapsed since the death of a domain name owner and no right of succession has been exercised concerning the domain name, EIS will initiate the procedure for the deletion of the domain name. In this instance, the legal successor may request that the domain name be transferred within the 30-day period of the deletion procedure. If the domain name is deleted, it will become available on a “first come, first served” principle.
While a domain name is a necessary tool for creating a website, these are two separate services. While .ee domain names are registered by Eesti Interneti SA (EIS), hosting services are provided by the service providers, and the website’s owner/administrator is responsible for the content of the website. EIS only exercises supervision over .ee domain names, not the information published on websites or the activities related to websites.
We will now provide an overview of the authorities you can contact to request that a website be closed or to file a complaint:
a. If a website publishes any materials that you claim to be infringing your copyright (your creative works, etc.) or publishes false information about you, you can seek legal redress from the courts under the applicable national legislation. We recommend involving a legal professional to order to solve the problem;
b. If the false information about you concerns a serious offence, such as identity theft, publication of inappropriate images or videos, or any other malicious activity that you become aware of, we recommend you report the offence to the police;
c. If a website is found to be distributing viruses or malware, or is involved in other cyber incidents, we advise you report the website to the Estonian Information System Authority (CERT Estonia, an organisation responsible for the management of security incidents).
According to the Domain Regulation, EIS may delete a domain name in cases specifically related to the registration of the domain name. This may be done, for example, where EIS has not received an application for registration in accordance with the Domain Regulation, or the identity and/or intention of the representative of the registrant or the registrant’s representative are not verified in conformity with the Domain Regulation. This may also be the case where the email addresses provided by the registrant are not correct.
Moreover, EIS may delete a domain name on a duly substantiated request by public authorities. The relevant authority must clarify why the domain name should be deleted. EIS will assess whether the deletion is proportional with regard to the registrant.
VII .ee zone file
The zone file is essentially a text file containing information about the domain name and related services, including name servers, but it may not be an exhaustive list of .ee domains. In order for the domain-related services to be found on the Internet and to be used, information about them must be in the zone file. If the domain name is registered without name servers, or the records have been removed from an existing domain name, i.e., there are no serving name servers, then the domain name does not exist in the zone file. The file also does not contain domains that are in the deletion proceedings (when name server records are blocked).
There is no confidential information in the zone file - the information we publish in this file is necessary for the domain name to function at a technical level.
The zone file contains the IP addresses of the name servers that serve the domain names. Due to the nature of a name server, such IP addresses are infrastructure IP addresses, not personal IP addresses. The IP addresses in the zone files are considered public IP addresses or infrastructure addresses (which also include web servers, routers, and other devices that are part of the Internet infrastructure). The IP addresses known to the EIF help us to ensure the implementation of the core assignment of the EIF, which is to ensure the availability of .ee domain names through the name server service. Consequently, the disclosed IP addresses are not treated as confidential data. In addition to the information provided by DNS, we also publish information about the domain name through our WHOIS service.
Not all registered .ee domains can be found in the zone file. In order for a domain name not to be found in the .ee zone file, it must be registered without name servers or the entries must be removed from an existing domain name. Note, however, that if the domain name is not in the zone, it is not possible to use services related to the domain name.
If you want to enter the market with some new products, brands, campaigns and you need to keep the domain name secret and not public for as long as possible. It is not always sensible to bring the brands and temporary campaigns to the public in advance. When you register without a name server, you can register a domain, but the domain is not yet available on the Internet and cannot be found by others.
The zone file is updated in every ten minutes, so you always have access to the latest information.
The file is downloadable using the AXFR protocol on the address zone.internet.ee. For example: dig @zone.internet.ee ee. axfr > zone.ee
The content of the zone is protected by copyright (Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International). In case of any misuse of the service or violation of the licence terms, EIF shall have the right to block the problematic IP address and take back the right to use the data. EIF will evaluate theproblems and misuse cases and holds the right to make decisions about blocking or denying access to the file. Should you need any help do not hesitate to contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Although .ee zone file as a whole was not accessible before, with some technical knowledge it was possible to put it together using public data on the internet. Making the zone file public will likely not affect the volume of spam.